AMSTERDAM is a UNESCO world heritage site, due to its 17th century canals and fortified defense structures.
The official capital of the Netherlands (Holland), Amsterdam was declared a city in 1306 and in the 17th century, also called the Golden Age, it was the wealthiest city in the world. Its port docked ships that traveled to America, Africa and Asia, thus starting world trade. The 19th century was called the second Golden Age of Amsterdam.
Called the Venice of the North, the city is spectacular due to its more than 100 Km of canals, 90 islands and 1,500 bridges, as well as more than 1,500 monumental buildings spread along the canals. With its special architecture, it is one of the most beautiful cities in the world.
Famous painters have lived and created here, such as Rembrandt – one of the most important European artists and Holland’s most important artist. Van Gogh and Vermeer also lived here, Amsterdam’s museums boasting a considerable body of their work.