The VATICAN is a UNESCO world heritage site..
Vatican is a unique space in many different ways. It is the smallest sovereign state in the world, with an area of only 0.44 square kilometres.
It is the headquartes of the Catholic Church, which is led by the Pope, who is elected for life. Its history spawns two millenia and it starts with St Peter’s martyrdom, on the site of which was erected the Basilica St Peter. The Vatican has had 265 Popes and the official language is Latin.
The Vatican is a genuine museum, sheltering some of the most beautiful and valuable works of art. Among the great artists who have contributed to its beauty most notable are Bernini, Botticelli and Michelangelo. It is also the sanctuary of books and documents of extraordinary historical, scientific and cultural value.
The Apostolic Palace, Basilica St. Peter, the Sixtine Chapel, the Vatican Museum and Library, Bernini’s columns and everything else make the Vatican the only state in the world where everything contained between its borders are monuments and works of art.